Game for the youngest children need to teach your baby to communicate. After all, a newborn baby only knows how to scream. When he grows up, his face can recognize emotions. Of course, the smallest baby’s reflex occurs. The task of the mother – using games to teach your child to consciously Express his wishes. To understand without words what he could not Express in speech.
The game “showing the finger”
In this game we with her little daughter started to play with four or five months. I was holding her in his arms, carried through all the rooms, pointed at objects and loudly called them. Especially we poked a finger at those objects that satisfy the need of my little daughter. It’s food, clothes, toys. So popular we enjoyed the family members. And my daughter’s favorite things – a lamp, dog, butterfly in the picture. Of course, this game is not really developing speech. For the child has learned the first communication, pointing to desired objects.
When the baby learned to sit, I bought her some colorful books for the very young. I remember when my daughter was sitting in a chair, propped up by a pillow. I gave her all four books. Then my child didn’t understand why we need these bright squares. Continue reading
Fears inherent in all children. They are – is a normal stage of maturation of the child’s psyche, a natural reaction to the knowledge of the outside world.
Fear fear discord
Each age has its fears. In the third year of life, children are usually afraid of the dark, lonely and confined space (for example, lifts or toilets). At the same time the child “acquires” the artificial fears that his “reward” parents: fear of fairy-tale characters, animals… He might be afraid of fires, wars, criminals. Some are afraid to ride a roller coaster, swim in the pool, don’t go to the doctor, startled by unexpected sounds.
A big part of fear is temporary, they don’t need to fight, you just need to support the child, to ease his worries by taking this feature of his mental development. However, there are other fears, they are called “neurotic”. They are based – mental shock, trauma, cruelty on the part of adult, family conflicts, high level of anxiety among parents. Such fears themselves are not, it requires the assistance of specialists (psychologist, therapist), and change in parenting style.
What are they afraid of?
Older preschoolers are more likely to experience fear of death, which reaches its climax in 6–7 years. Continue reading
Thinking is the process of formation of representations about the world on the basis of accumulation and analysis of personal experience and also the ability on the basis of this experience to make predictions. Thinking gives you the opportunity to obtain such information about the phenomena and objects of the world which cannot be directly perceived by the senses (for example, information about the properties of matter, the laws of the historical process, etc.). Thinking is closely related to such a property of consciousness, such as memory.
Let us consider the main stages of development of thinking in a child under 3 years old.
From birth to 6 months the world is perceived by the baby in the categories of “here” and “now”. The child still “not started” memory, so there is no time sensitivity, and repeatability of events and phenomena; every object and situation is perceived as something unique.
Nevertheless, the cognitive needs of the child are very strong at this stage, and the kid quickly and successfully learns to perceive and process information. In 4-5 months are prerequisites for the development of the visual-active thinking, “responsible” for the perception Continue reading