Thinking is the process of formation of representations about the world on the basis of accumulation and analysis of personal experience and also the ability on the basis of this experience to make predictions. Thinking gives you the opportunity to obtain such information about the phenomena and objects of the world which cannot be directly perceived by the senses (for example, information about the properties of matter, the laws of the historical process, etc.). Thinking is closely related to such a property of consciousness, such as memory.
Let us consider the main stages of development of thinking in a child under 3 years old.
From birth to 6 months the world is perceived by the baby in the categories of “here” and “now”. The child still “not started” memory, so there is no time sensitivity, and repeatability of events and phenomena; every object and situation is perceived as something unique.
Nevertheless, the cognitive needs of the child are very strong at this stage, and the kid quickly and successfully learns to perceive and process information. In 4-5 months are prerequisites for the development of the visual-active thinking, “responsible” for the perception Continue reading
Many parents do not think about this issue – communication happens by itself, they are happy and the parents and the children. While. But there are adults who have already realized the great importance of the communication style to the personality development of their child.
It is experimentally proved that if the baby gets good nutrition and good medical care, but deprived of regular contact with an adult, he develops not only mentally, but also physically: not growing, lose weight, lose interest in life. However, as food can be harmful and incorrect communication can hurt the psyche of the child, his emotional well-being and will subsequently impact on his life.
How to communicate with your child? This question is complicated and simple at the same time. Difficult due to our style of communication is influenced by many factors, most of which we are not aware. Experts came to the conclusion that the parent’s interaction involuntarily imprinted in the psyche of the child before school age. As an adult, a person plays it like a natural. Thus from generation to generation is social inheritance of the style of communication: the majority of parents raise their children the way they themselves were raised in childhood. At the same time, the way we interact with the child depends on the fashion Continue reading
Sooner or later it happens. This introduces us parents into a stupor or shocking. It is a lie of our children. Once we catch favorite, perfect, Golden, most honest, righteous child, on lies. One day he confesses that he lost the keys, that “borrowed” you have a little wallet or stubbornly silent on the question “Who smoked in the room?”
Yes, once we understand that our child was lying. Is it dangerous, is there any reason to panic? What if the lie will grow into a habit? No. If you raise a child properly.
Quite naturally, if to a certain age, your baby won’t confess about who broke the vase and candy out of the vase. Until three or four years almost all the time the children the truth (on trifles). They still don’t know the difference between truth and lies, between “good” and “bad”.
Crime and punishment. or a crime and a lie?
The first reason for which the child hides the truth, replacing it with lies, – the fear of punishment. Committing some misdemeanor, “liar” chooses the lesser of two evils – to tell the truth and get an earful for what he did or lie to save Continue reading