Mom, I'm pregnant!. How to decide to tell about the pregnancy. The advice of the psychologist
  "Mom, I'm pregnant!" Why women are so often afraid for the first time to say these words? If we are talking about an unmarried young girl is still somehow…

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What this child will become when you grow up? — PSI-factor. Opinion
  We almost got used to the complete lack of a systematic approach in the management culture of our country. Theatres for considerable budgetary funds trying to exercise maximum ingenuity…

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skills

Mom, I’m scared!

 

Fears inherent in all children. They are – is a normal stage of maturation of the child’s psyche, a natural reaction to the knowledge of the outside world.

Fear fear discord

Each age has its fears. In the third year of life, children are usually afraid of the dark, lonely and confined space (for example, lifts or toilets). At the same time the child “acquires” the artificial fears that his “reward” parents: fear of fairy-tale characters, animals… He might be afraid of fires, wars, criminals. Some are afraid to ride a roller coaster, swim in the pool, don’t go to the doctor, startled by unexpected sounds.

A big part of fear is temporary, they don’t need to fight, you just need to support the child, to ease his worries by taking this feature of his mental development. However, there are other fears, they are called “neurotic”. They are based – mental shock, trauma, cruelty on the part of adult, family conflicts, high level of anxiety among parents. Such fears themselves are not, it requires the assistance of specialists (psychologist, therapist), and change in parenting style.

What are they afraid of?

Older preschoolers are more likely to experience fear of death, which reaches its climax in 6–7 years. Continue reading

How to teach a child to kindergarten

 

Once in kindergarten group always easy to determine which of the children in the team new. Typically, this kid (if he has more than 3 years old) sitting on the sidelines, he has a rather gloomy expression. When everyone goes for a walk in a music hall or physical education, he follows everyone. But sullen expression on his face not disappearing. The child is experiencing severe emotional stress! And the younger kids are not shy in expressing their negative experiences and are weeping bitterly! This is the period of adaptation to the kindergarten, which, unfortunately, inevitable. However, having information, parents can reduce stress.

We already wrote about the ways you can try to alleviate the baby’s experience of kindergarten or nursery schools. How to prepare your child for kindergarten? What Arsenal have parents who are planning to give the baby to preschool, we wrote in the article Soon in the garden (You will find guidance to help the child adjust to the right mood, relieve tension and reduce stress levels). From the article When you need to give a child in kindergarten, we learned that the baby is better to send the team to the 4-th years – from this age a child is ready to stay in kindergarten without parents. However, not every family can afford to wait until the child Matures emotionally and psychologically for kindergarten. Continue reading

The Development of thinking in a child under 3 years

 

Thinking is the process of formation of representations about the world on the basis of accumulation and analysis of personal experience and also the ability on the basis of this experience to make predictions. Thinking gives you the opportunity to obtain such information about the phenomena and objects of the world which cannot be directly perceived by the senses (for example, information about the properties of matter, the laws of the historical process, etc.). Thinking is closely related to such a property of consciousness, such as memory.

Let us consider the main stages of development of thinking in a child under 3 years old.

From birth to 6 months the world is perceived by the baby in the categories of “here” and “now”. The child still “not started” memory, so there is no time sensitivity, and repeatability of events and phenomena; every object and situation is perceived as something unique.

Nevertheless, the cognitive needs of the child are very strong at this stage, and the kid quickly and successfully learns to perceive and process information. In 4-5 months are prerequisites for the development of the visual-active thinking, “responsible” for the perception Continue reading