Chapter I. Theoretical foundations of the problem of correction of the psyche of children, divorce of parents
1.1. The influence of psychological climate of the family on the formation of the psyche of children (before the divorce, during the divorce and after it)
1.2.The specificity of mental manifestations in children in conditions deprivation (due to divorce of parents)
Chapter II. Social work with children of divorced parents in modern Russia.
2.1. Children in families of divorced parents as an object of social work
2.2. Ways to improve social work with children in families of divorced parents
In modern conditions of social and economic development of society, the family, in the traditional sense, continues to lose its importance, significance, weakening of family ties in our country.
In “children of Russia” (Moscow 1999) noted that the statistics of one day fixes a large number of divorces, which reaches almost half of the registered facts, namely: married – 3616, divorced – 1534. As a result without one of the parents remains 1288 children, is transmitted to the orphanage – 30, guardianship and adoption – 132, is taken away from the parents Continue reading
Fears inherent in all children. They are – is a normal stage of maturation of the child’s psyche, a natural reaction to the knowledge of the outside world.
Fear fear discord
Each age has its fears. In the third year of life, children are usually afraid of the dark, lonely and confined space (for example, lifts or toilets). At the same time the child “acquires” the artificial fears that his “reward” parents: fear of fairy-tale characters, animals… He might be afraid of fires, wars, criminals. Some are afraid to ride a roller coaster, swim in the pool, don’t go to the doctor, startled by unexpected sounds.
A big part of fear is temporary, they don’t need to fight, you just need to support the child, to ease his worries by taking this feature of his mental development. However, there are other fears, they are called “neurotic”. They are based – mental shock, trauma, cruelty on the part of adult, family conflicts, high level of anxiety among parents. Such fears themselves are not, it requires the assistance of specialists (psychologist, therapist), and change in parenting style.
What are they afraid of?
Older preschoolers are more likely to experience fear of death, which reaches its climax in 6–7 years. Continue reading
Thinking is the process of formation of representations about the world on the basis of accumulation and analysis of personal experience and also the ability on the basis of this experience to make predictions. Thinking gives you the opportunity to obtain such information about the phenomena and objects of the world which cannot be directly perceived by the senses (for example, information about the properties of matter, the laws of the historical process, etc.). Thinking is closely related to such a property of consciousness, such as memory.
Let us consider the main stages of development of thinking in a child under 3 years old.
From birth to 6 months the world is perceived by the baby in the categories of “here” and “now”. The child still “not started” memory, so there is no time sensitivity, and repeatability of events and phenomena; every object and situation is perceived as something unique.
Nevertheless, the cognitive needs of the child are very strong at this stage, and the kid quickly and successfully learns to perceive and process information. In 4-5 months are prerequisites for the development of the visual-active thinking, “responsible” for the perception Continue reading