The Amazing country of Japan. The paradoxes of Japanese education
Education of the individual in Japan is very different from traditional education in Russia. Those rude phrases, which are easy to hear on our playgrounds: “you’re bad”, “now I will punish you” it is impossible to imagine there. Even if the little Japanese boy would fight with my mother or felt-tip pen to draw on the white door of the store are no strict punishments and reprimands will not follow. Up to 5-6 years old child here everything is allowed. Such liberal tradition of educating absolutely not fit into our ideas about how to raise children.
Foundations of education in Japanese society tolerant and friendly attitude to a young child. This permissiveness in child adult Japanese citizens differ in their ability to live of the interest of the team or firm, and law-abiding.
What Russians consider minor offences: beer behind the wheel, a conflict with a fight at the festival, running a red sign or a traffic signal for the Japanese violation of the rules, the Commission of which is impossible. To live is required by the rules. Break the rules (“losing face”). That in Japan, children are taught from early childhood that the foundations of education.
Amazing result? In fact, the education of the individual in Japanese society is constructed so that this result is a natural consequence of all stages of education, which is a child from birth to 15 years. At the age of 15, in the opinion of the Japanese, the person becomes capable to answer for their actions and can live an independent life. How do they do that?
The system of education in Japan.
Education of the individual in early childhood is extremely soft, the children usually do not prohibit and the most severe punishment is heard disapproval or caution of the mother, if what he does is dangerous or Mama hurt. Foundations of education in Japanese society is the utmost courtesy for other people and in public places. At home and in the garden a lot of time is devoted to the assimilation of manners, rituals, polite expressions, which are rich in the speech of Japanese. Even Japanese parents can threaten the child that will change with neighbors who have wonderful children. These traditions of education to help educate obedience from early childhood.
In Japan it is customary to refer royally with a child up to 5-6 years. Further education is becoming more restrictive to the child to meet high demands in the classroom and in the kindergarten and at school. And communication with a child who has reached 15 years it would be as equals.
It all starts with family.
Foundations of education are laid in the family. The tradition of education in Japan is such that to send their children to kindergarten at an early age is not accepted. Of course, there are nurseries that take children from year, but parents should explain the inability to raise a child up to 3 years at home. Usually Japanese mother work a few hours a day, and father totally absorbed in the life of his company and pays child attention only on the weekends.
Among kindergartens Japan stand out elite gardens at prestigious universities, and getting there is considered to be the greatest happiness. Parents are willing to pay good money for admission, and children subjected to the toughest tests. The future path of these children have already predefined, admission to the University is guaranteed. But such gardens a bit.
Conventional nurseries offer classes, but their main objective is to teach your child to be part of the team.
Education of the individual in Japan is primarily the education of the collectivists. Here, much time was devoted to choral singing, the applied arts, sport games and games in groups. Interesting tradition of educating and unfamiliar to us is the total lack of comparisons and competition between children. Here are the most able children and encouraging leaders. The main tasks solved by the education of the individual is to learn to work in groups, to live the interest of the collective.
Foundations of education endurance – monthly trips to all kindergarten to interesting places for a day. Another interesting feature of Japanese kindergartens and schools is the annual change of the tutor and the teacher and change the composition of classes and groups. Why? It is believed that this allows children to learn to find a common language with peers and adults. And also helps children who have not developed relationships with educators, not to feel missed.
The worst punishment for the little Japanese man is the juxtaposition of the th group. “If you do so, you will not make friends” is the worst thing for a child, whose whole life was taught to obey the team. So are the children who, as adults, are ready to work selflessly for the benefit of corporations.
Boys and girls.
Tradition of educating boys and girls in Japanese society is different. Son is a pillar of the family. The future education of the individual men connected with the traditions of the samurai, the education of courage and ability to endure adversity. In Japan it is believed that man has no business in the kitchen, it’s a matter of women. But boys are expected to attend various after school clubs and classes, which is not necessary for girls.
Foundations of education of Japanese children – there are many traditional holidays. Among them are some that you can borrow any country: the Day of physical culture and labor thanksgiving Day, the day mom (similar to 8 March) and the day dad. And then there are the holiday separate boys and girls ‘ Day.
A day boys image colored carp up into the air. Why this fish is associated with boys in Japan? Carp is able to swim against the tide and it is a symbol of readiness of the future men to overcome the difficulties of life. Earlier this day was a day of dedication to the samurai. And girls ‘ day carries different meanings: in this day to make beautiful colorful rice cakes similar to cakes, decorated with figures of the Imperial couple.
The progress and education of the individual.
Japan is a country with rich traditions, a ritual in which the party plays a very important role. On the other hand are all aware of the high level technologies, which is famous for Japanese industry. Some of this progress is attributable to the focus on the Japanese collective values and interests. Cultivated since childhood, respect for labor, the principle of “not stand out”, made from Japanese hard-working, extremely polite and obedient workers.
On the other hand, the Japanese enthusiastically accept the idea of early child development and education of the individual in Japan is a unique fusion of the traditional foundations of education and the desire to develop a child’s creativity, character and thinking as early as possible. Masaru Ibuka is Japanese, the founder of the organization “Training of talents”, the author of the sensational book “After three late” believes that the education of the individual occurs up to 3 years. Not everyone knows that he is the Creator of the company “Sony”. In Japan, methods of early development are very popular, and it is paying off. The combination of ancient traditions and modern methods of upbringing – the recipe for success of Japan.